The Pomodoro Technique is a time management method developed by Francesco Cirillo in the late 1980s. The technique uses a timer to break down work into intervals, traditionally 25 minutes in length, separated by short breaks. These intervals are known as “Pomodoros”. The idea is that frequent breaks can improve mental agility.
The original technique consists of the following steps:
- Decide on the task to be done.
- Set the Pomodoro timer (traditionally to 25 minutes).
- Work on the task until the timer rings.
- Take a short break (traditionally 5 minutes).
- Every four Pomodoros, take a longer break (traditionally 15–20 minutes).
The technique has since evolved and been adapted to include variations such as:
- Adjusting the length of Pomodoros and breaks to fit individual needs.
- Using the technique for non-work related activities, such as studying or exercise.
- Using a tool other than a timer, such as a smartphone app or website.
- Modifying the technique to include more or fewer Pomodoros before a long break.
- Incorporating other productivity techniques, such as the Eisenhower Matrix or the 80/20 rule.